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publication cover Climate Change and Conflict
Synthesis Report

Author(s): Dennis Taenzler (adelphi); Janani Vivekananda (International Alert); Daniela Kolarova (PDCI); Thanos Dokos (Eliamep)

The IfP-EW Climate Change and Conflict cluster explored the linkages between climate change, conflict and fragility. Through the review and development of conflict analysis approaches, in-country research, regional dialogue and meetings, the implications of current and future climate impacts on security in fragile contexts were analysed, in particular the ability of governance structures and institutions to manage these changes. This synthesis report outlines key recommendations on how these complex and interlinked issues could be addressed and integrated into the policy and response mechanisms of local, national, regional and international institutions.

publication cover Practice Note: Conflict-Sensitive Responses to Climate Change in South Asia

Author(s): Janani Vivekananda

This note explains the importance of using a conflict-sensitive approach to responding to climate change in South Asia. It offers guidelines and emerging principles on how climate change and development policy makers and practitioners can promote peace-positive adaptation actions which can yield the double dividend of building resilience to climate change and conflict. Issues of water, land, energy and food security are highly affected by climate change. At the same time, inappropriate governance of these issues lies at the root of conflicts across the region. The note proposes that engagement in these areas needs to be approached in a comprehensive way which maximises the productive capacity of local communities, while also minimising the risk of instability and conflict.

publication cover Water, Crisis and Climate Change in India: A Policy Brief

Author(s): Dennis Taenzler, Lukas Ruettinger, Katherina Ziegenhagen (adelphi); Gopalakrishna Murthy, Academy of Gandhian Studies

Changes in temperature, precipitation, and humidity due to climate change may have significant implications for the quality and quantity of water in India. India’s water resources are under increasing pressure from population growth, economic development, industrialisation, urbanisation and inefficient water use. Several internal water disputes already existing in India between states, communities and/or water user groups in the domestic and the industrial sectors may be aggravated. Approaches need to be promoted to reduce the overall amount of future water stress and improve water management capacities. Additionally, joint monitoring, planning of water user groups, and initiatives for education and training on water, climate change and crisis can enable water user groups to recognise crisis potential at an early stage.

publication cover Water, Crisis and Climate Change in Uganda: A Policy Brief

Author(s): Lukas Ruettinger and Dennis Taenzler (adelphi); Dr Paddy Musana and Bangirana Narcisio (Peace and Conflict Studies MA Programme, Makerere University)

Although endowed with abundant renewable water resources, Uganda faces huge challenges in the water sector. Pressure on and competition around water resources are increasing. This can lead to conflict potential, especially if it leads to unequal water access and availability and interacts with other conflict factors such as marginalisation or past conflicts. Pastoralist conflicts in Karamoja and along the cattle corridor, as well as the links between water and land grabbing, exemplify these dynamics. However, water can also be a source of peace and cooperation if managed in an equitable and sustainable way: participatory management of ecosystems, conflict-sensitive water infrastructure development and improvement of conflict management in water management institutions are some examples of how water conflicts can be prevented.

publication cover Climate Change Impacts on Socio-environmental Conflicts
Vulnerability in Facing Climate Change and Social Conflicts in Mexico

Author(s): Fabricio Brodziak, Ana Lucía García and Luis Gómez Chow

Due to its social, economic, institutional, and geographical situation, Mexico is highly sensitive to the effects of climate change and other extreme meteorological phenomena. Some experts see the changes in climate as a result of natural climate variability. Others argue Mexico’s environmental situation exemplifies the effects of global warming and climate change and that if these are not countered, Mexico may be susceptible to social conflict as vulnerability amongst different communities and groups increases. The authors propose two models to explain the relationship between climate change and conflict, and the mitigation and adaptation policies needed to face the challenges it poses.

publication cover Water, Crisis and Climate Change Assessment Framework (WACCAF)

Author(s): Lukas Ruettinger, Antoine Morin, Annabelle Houdret, Dennis Taenzler, Clementine Burnley

The Water, Crisis, and Climate Change Assessment Framework (WACCAF) is a tool allowing for a practical assessment of existing or future conflict trends arising from increased competition over water access and/or availability between user and/or management groups in the water sector. Competition and insufficient water availability can be caused by natural phenomena such as climate change or by unequal allocation. Taking a look at the root causes of these conflicts, the tool considers crises in the broader context. It is based on the assumption that conflicts over natural resources and the environment are always embedded in a broader setting, where socio-political, environmental and economic factors create potential crisis situations, but also offer entry points for cooperation.

publication cover Climate Change Impacts on Socio-environmental Conflicts:
Diagnosis and Challenges of the Argentinean Situation

Author(s): Pablo Lumerman, Jimena Psathakis and María de los Ángeles Ortiz

This report addresses how climate change impacts, enhances and creates new socio-environmental conflicts. It argues that a conflict-sensitive approach in the development and implementation of public policies on climate change issues and the promotion of early-warning systems in this field will allow us to deal more constructively with present conflicts and to prevent future ones. It is divided into two sections: the first section analyses the links between climate change impacts and socio-environmental conflicts, and the second includes suggestions on reducing the impacts of climate change, by using a comprehensive, cross-sector and interdisciplinary approach.

publication cover Los Impactos Del Cambio Climático Sobre Los Conflictos Socio-Ambientales:
Diagnóstico y desafíos de la situación Argentina

Author(s): Pablo Lumerman, Jimena Psathakis y María de los Ángeles Ortiz

El presente informe aborda la temática de cómo los impactos del cambio climático generan y potencian conflictos socioambientales. En él, se argumenta que la implementación de un enfoque sensible al conflicto para el desarrollo y la implementación de políticas públicas en el abordaje del cambio climático, y la promoción de sistemas de alerta temprana permiten enfrentar conflictos actuales y prevenir los futuros de forma más constructiva. El informe está dividido en dos secciones: la primera, analiza la relación entre los impactos del cambio climático y los conflictos socio ambientales; la segunda, incluye ciertas recomendaciones para la reducción de los impactos del cambio climático a través de un enfoque integral, multisectorial y multidisciplinario.

publication cover Climate Change Conflict and Fragility

Author(s): Janani Vivekananda, Dan Smith

This report explores the complexities of responding to climate change in fragile and conflict affected contexts. It highlights the interaction between the impact of climate change and the social and political realities in which people live and stresses that it is this that will determine their capacity to adapt. To be effective, the goal of policy responses must be to address the political dimension of adapting to climate change, and the underlying causes of vulnerability where the state is unable to carry out its core functions. The report sets out five policy objectives and some key observations on getting the institutional structures right in order to achieve this goal. The reports findings urge policy makers to look beyond technical fixes and to address the interlinked political, social and institutional constraints to effective responses.

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